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Age-Appropriate Reading

When Simon and Garfunkel were considering old friends sitting on their park bench like bookends in 1968, I was 18 and devouring Graham Greene's The Quiet American for the first of many times.

We return to certain authors as to a familiar hearth (and like fire, the best can sear as well as warm us). Greene is one of those writers for me, as are Walker Percy, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Joan Didion, Thomas Merton, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn.

And May Sarton. I first read The House by the Sea when I was in my early 30s. She seemed to be speaking to me directly. Now the voice living in those pages and I are about the same age ("I can't stop doing what I have always done, trying to sort out and shape experience."). Her power is undiminished.

New editions by kindred reading spirits are like renewed conversations with old friends:

I met John Berryman's poetry in a college class, where His Toy, His Dream, His Rest was a required text ("I always wanted to be old. I wanted to say/ 'O I haven't read that for fifteen years' "). To mark the centenary of his birth, Farrar, Straus & Giroux has just published The Heart Is Strange: New Selected Poems, and is reissuing 77 Dream Songs, Berryman's Sonnets, and The Dream Songs.

Distant Neighbors: The Selected Letters of Wendell Berry & Gary Snyder (Counterpoint) welcomes me back to Snyder's world, which I entered in 1971 when I bought Riprap, & Cold Mountain Poems for $1.50.

Donald Hall's Essays After Eighty (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Dec. 2) is an eloquent and bracing reminder of just how essential this man's voice and hard-won perspective have been in my life.

I was Romeo's age when I first encountered Shakespeare; now I'm closer to Lear's. If I'm any wiser (the jury is still out), it's only because of a select group of age-appropriate writers who continue to guide me on this journey. --Published in Shelf Awareness for Readers.


Regional Education Panels: Turning 'No' into 'Yes'


"Getting Out of Your Own Way--Turning 'No' into 'Yes.' " wins my unofficial award for best educational programming session title of the year. Held during the Mountains & Plains Independent Booksellers Association Fall Discovery Show in Denver, the panel featured Julie Wernersbach of BookPeople, Austin, Tex.; Katie Rothery of the Tattered Cover Book Store, Denver, Colo.; and Jeremy Ellis of Brazos Bookstore, Houston, Tex.

"No" is a word indie booksellers try to avoid as much as possible. It isn't just about the pain of a customer rejecting your best handselling technique for a book you love. In fact, that's a moment when "no" is simply a catalyst to introduce alternative titles in a never-ending quest for the exquisite response: "That sounds amazing. I'll try it!"

Jeremy Ellis, Katie Rothery and Julie Wenersbach

Specific book requests are another issue altogether. Consider the moment of retail tension when a customer asks for a particular title (or uses words, sounds and even gestures to approximate the particular title). The ideal, of course, is to be able to say, "Yes, we have that in stock." But this is a numbers game, and more often than not booksellers have to find a way to magically transform a cold "no" into something resembling a soothing, hopeful "yes."

Rothery observed that one key to this is "coming up with creative ways to say yes. They don't have to know that you're jumping through hoops," and Ellis noted that Brazos "has a solve-the-customer's-problem policy."

"It's all about the language," Wernersbach agreed, suggesting, for example, that after checking distributor inventory in the computer for a book not on your shelf, a bookseller could say, " 'We have it in our warehouse,' making it sound like you actually have it in your universe."

Another option--"The book is on its way."--was recommended by Ellis, who added that it is not an ethical issue to leave the supplier's precise geographic location out of the conversation, since "the ethics of the bookstore are to keep the business alive and vibrant."

If the customer is still hesitant to order, Rothery suggested telling them: "You're not obliged to buy it."

Whatever your strategy, being concise and direct is the key, according to Ellis: "The more words you put into that conversation from the first request, the farther away you get from the solution."

Out-of-print titles present another dilemma, especially in an age when Amazon has gobbled up many of the traditional OP sources like Bookfinder and AbeBooks. Rothery noted that one way of saying "yes" in this case is redirecting customers to Powell's or Alibris, while Ellis said he tries to order OP books when possible.  

And how do booksellers turn "no" into "yes" for the ever-increasing wave of self-published authors at their door requesting shelf space and events? This question drew a roomful of empathetic nods, as well as several comments about the importance of having a program in place and following strict guidelines. Arsen Kashkashian's pioneering Boulder Book Store consignment policy was mentioned as a model many have adopted or adapted. Rothery noted: "We want to support self-published authors, but we limit it to Rocky Mountain authors."

Sometimes, of course, "no" can be an inside job, showing up in discussions among bookstore staff members. This can be especially true when new ideas are presented for consideration. Tattered Cover "is just trying to get rid of 'no' from our vocabulary," Rothery observed.

When he arrived at Brazos three years ago, Ellis said, "I didn't pay attention to the history of 'No, it's always been this way.' " He cited as an example the traditionally low sales figures during summer months and his proposal to "take the idea of summer and market it as we did Christmas." Utilizing postcards, children's programming and more, including a Summer of Proust celebration that featured the Brazos Book Group reading Swann's Way, the strategy resulted in a "huge boom for our summer business."

Wernersbach mentioned two recent initiatives at BookPeople that met with some early resistance. One was National Bookstore Day for the BookPeople Nation: "I got a lot of no's initially at the store, but I said, I'm just going to try it and everybody got on board." The other idea was inspired by the "Trust Fall" promotion created earlier this year by Jill Hendrix of Fiction Addiction, Greenville, S.C. For its variation on the theme, BookPeople chose Emily St. John Mandel's Station Eleven. "Seeing our buyer's enthusiasm, we all got into it," Wernersbach said, adding: "A lot of saying yes in what I do is saying it might fail, but that's okay."

Despite all best efforts, sometimes you do just have to say "no," but Ellis counseled: "I say no to a lot of things, if it's not who we are. This is about knowing who you are, and saying yes to the things that will reflect who you are." --Published by Shelf Awareness, issue #2376.


Regional Education Sessions: Sidelines Buzz 

"The only thing you deserve is the chance to do the work," Kate DiCamillo said a few weeks ago at the Heartland Fall Forum, co-hosted by the Midwest Independent Booksellers Association and the Great Lakes Independent Booksellers Association. As I mentioned recently, I've been encouraged by the trend in bookseller educational programming to focus more on doing the work--on getting better rather than just getting by.

"That is exactly what we are trying to do," said GLIBA executive director Deb Leonard. "Both boards are creative and focused, and we want to continue to give our members the kind of education that helps our stores adapt to the evolving challenges of bookselling in the 21st century. We listen to the feedback we get from our booksellers, and try to incorporate their suggestions for the next year."

Eric Heidemann, Cecile Fehsenfeld, Kelly Estep & Jessilynn Norcross

In upcoming columns, I'll share a few things I heard and learned at education sessions this fall, beginning with a Sidelines Buzz Panel at HFF. Moderator Jessilynn Norcross of McLean & Eakin Booksellers, Petoskey, Mich., was joined by Eric Heidemann of Fujii & Associates, Cecile Fehsenfeld of Schuler Books (with stores in Grand Rapids, Lansing & Okemos, Mich.) and Kelly Estep of Carmichael's Bookstore, Louisville, Ken.

Norcross suggested there are three priorities to consider when dealing with sidelines in a bookshop: available space, the passion to sell certain items and whether you have particular customers in mind for them.

"Don't be afraid to try something new," advised Fehsenfeld, who admitted the decision to diversify had not been an easy one for her. "We'd always been purists. My staff had to argue with me to put greeting cards in 30 years ago." Ultimately, however, "It actually has been a positive and not a negative, which I was afraid of." She backed up her opinion by noting that she was wearing earrings, a necklace and scarf that are all fair trade products carried by her store: "Fair trade happens to be huge for us. It's most gratifying."

"Zen Display" at Schuler Books

To source useful information on sidelines, Norcross recommended Giftware News., adding: "It's also important to see what's happening on the West Coast. There are a lot of companies that are based out there." She noted that McLean & Eakin "tries not to carry things that are going to be carried downtown or near us." When ordering from sidelines vendors, she said "meeting minimum orders may be optional. All you have to do is ask.... Offer to pay up front to get lower minimums. And co-op is often available; they just don't call it that." Most of all, she counseled, "Ask your customers, 'Would you buy this?' "

"If you like something, try it. The bottom line is your staff has to be passionate about it," Heidemann said, adding that vendors "love doing sample request orders." He also noted that "pictures are worth dollars," encouraging booksellers to send display photos to their sales reps.

Regarding price points, Norcross suggested "looking at the product before you look at the pricing. How much would you pay for it if you were the customer?" Estep agreed: "I choose to price my sidelines when they come in and I look at them." Fehsenfeld noted that her standard markup is 120%, and Norcross added: "You can always lower your price. You can never raise your price."

When the conversation turned to displaying merchandise, Fehsenfeld cited the standard 80-20 rule, but added this reservation: "While 20% of your product is going to produce 80% of your sales, you still have to have enough items to make the display look good."

Bird display at Carmichael's

Be creative, Estep advised, noting that sales of Sterling bird kits at Carmichael's spiked only after she created a front window display featuring already-assembled birds perched on a limb: "I think we've sold 60 boxes now." Heidemann called this "the difference that four birds can make in sales," and reiterated: "Don't eat that cost. Ask for a sample."

Schuler's display of Crabtree & Evelyn products "sells really, really, well," as do $3 chocolates placed near the cash registers, Fehsenfeld said, offering high praise as well for the store's cross-promotional "Zen display," which "has been up for three years and we just keep changing products."

Discussing shelf life for sidelines, Fehsenfeld observed that "when something gets to be six months old and hasn't sold, it isn't going anywhere." While the store watches inventory turn carefully, "the more product we add, it seems like our turns slip a little." Norcross cautioned, however, that "the turn for a gift item is not the same as for a book. It will be high on Chapstick or glasses, but the higher-priced items, you want to give more of a grace period."

Staircase puzzle display at McLean & Eakin

And, in an election year, Heidemann noted that with more communities instituting plastic bag bans, sales of products like Envirosax and ChicoBags are increasing: "Sometimes politics provides opportunity."

Booksellers talking to each other. What a concept. Carrie Obry, MIBA's executive director, told me that total attendance (exhibitors, attendees, and authors) at HFF this year was 882, up from 748 in 2013 (Chicago) and 770 in 2012 (Minneapolis). Notably, attendees numbered 408, a substantial increase from last year's 304 and 373 in 2012. More is better, especially during the education sessions involving booksellers with a wide range of experience, challenges and solutions. I learn something every time. Class will be in session again next week. --Published by Shelf Awareness, issue #2371.


A Family Gathering at MPIBA Fall Discovery Show


If you don't work in the book trade, it's hard to explain what happens at an event like the Mountains & Plains Independent Booksellers Association Fall Discovery Show, which took place last week in Denver. Call it a family reunion. No, better than that--a family gathering, albeit one with more fun (think Literary Trivia night or Books & Brews afternoon) than squabbles, more friendships than rivalries; and, most importantly, a shared mission.  

Nicole Magistro and Eric Boss
Nicole Magistro of the Bookworm of Edwards and Eric Boss

Here's a great example: at the start of Thursday's exhibit hall opening reception, a crowd gathered near the entrance, where a plot was being hatched, drinks poured and anticipation rising. A celebrity appearance, perhaps? When newly retired Penguin Random House sales rep Eric Boss appeared in the doorway, applause echoed throughout the Colorado Ballroom. Anne Holman of the King's English Bookshop, Salt Lake City, Utah, stepped up to the podium and lauded Boss's passion for, and deep knowledge of, books. She described him as "one of the kindest, funniest men I've ever met.... He cares about all of us so much." It was a family celebration; this just happens to be a really big family.

Boss and I chatted later about our years in the book trade. We'd never met before, but we spoke a common language as we discussed the book community and how difficult it is to adequately explain that concept to people who do not live and work in our world.

MPIBA executive director Laura Ayrey later recalled: "If I had to pick my favorite moment from the show it would be a tie between when Eric Boss walked into the exhibit hall and received such a heartfelt standing ovation from his colleagues and/or when South Dakota won the Literary Trivia Contest and Valerie Koehler [of Blue Willow Bookshop, Houston, Tex.) stormed the stage in protest."

This is a business, of course, and plenty of business was being conducted at the Fall Discovery Show--in the exhibit hall, at "Pick of the Lists" sessions, during educational programming (which I'll explore in an upcoming column) and elsewhere.

At the general meeting luncheon, Ayrey noted that in the past year a record-breaking 13 new stores had joined the association. "This year's show attendance was higher than ever in all categories, from booksellers to publishers to authors," she told me this week. "All of our meal events were sold out. In fact, we had a waiting list for the Author Banquet and a number of exhibitors who had purchased tickets for the event graciously gave them up so booksellers could attend. That speaks volumes about the camaraderie we have in the Mountains & Plains region." She also praised "my extraordinary staff and board of directors."

Valerie Koehler and Dan CUllen
Valerie Koehler and Dan Cullen

Dan Cullen, American Booksellers Association senior strategy officer, reported during the general meeting that booksellers at all of the regionals he'd attended this year "have been incredibly upbeat, incredibly energized.... There is a real resurgence of indie bookstores in America.... We are finally seeing the media decouple the word 'beleaguered' from indie bookstore." The MPIBA show certainly reflected that trend, if my numerous conversations with booksellers in Denver were any indication.

One of my favorite moments occurred during the Reading the West Book Awards presentation, when Kevin Fedarko, nonfiction winner for The Emerald Mile: The Epic Story of the Fastest Ride in History Through the Heart of the Grand Canyon (Scribner), chronicled the challenges his book had faced last year, having been published in the midst of a dispute between Barnes & Noble and Simon & Schuster.

"I spent a good portion of the year living like a river guide, driving all over the Intermountain West," he said, noting that his bookstore "compass points" were BookPeople of Moscow, Idaho; Changing Hands Bookstore, Tempe & Phoenix, Ariz.; the King's English Bookshop in Salt Lake City; and Full Circle Books, Oklahoma City, Okla. During his indie bookstore expedition, Fedarko said he discovered two things: that a book is a "passport and doorway to meeting, and engaging with, a whole community of people; and that there is another side of this business that does not treat a book like dog food or carpet cleaner.... For someone who is in the business of writing, words fail me when I try to express my gratitude for what I owe you."

Author Buzz: (l.-r.) Catherine Weller with Lin Enger, Molly Gloss and Christopher Scotton.

At the Authors of Buzz Books Breakfast Friday, Catherine Weller of Weller Book Works, Salt Lake City, moderated a fine conversation among authors Lin Enger (The High Divide, Algonquin), Molly Gloss (Falling from Horses, HMH) and Christopher Scotton (The Secret Wisdom of the Earth, Grand Central). Gloss's novel is about a 19-year-old ranch hand who moves to Hollywood in 1938 to seek work as a stunt rider in Westerns. "Even kids who grew up on a ranch were influenced by cowboy movies," she said. "Bud wanted to be like the cowboy heroes he saw growing up in the movies."

The book world can play that magic trick, too. At some point early in our reading lives, most of us imagined ourselves as "book people," and our fantasy somehow came true, even if the requisite ballast includes financial sacrifice, long hours and hard work.

As Fedarko put it, "You're thriving because you are part of the glue that holds your communities together. I think you will continue to survive and excel because you offer something that no one else does and it's incredibly important." How do you explain that to an outsider? You just can't. You have to be here.

--Published by Shelf Awareness, issue #2366.


Good Work at the Heartland Fall Forum


On my flight from upstate New York to Minneapolis last Tuesday for the Heartland Fall Forum, I had to connect through O'Hare just days after a headline-making fire at an FAA radar facility prompted a rolling tide of delayed or canceled flights. Once I reached my hotel room (relatively undelayed), I happened to read a post on the Economist's blog that noted the situation was already improving: "The system was sorely tested, and while it strained under pressure, it held." The piece was titled "Infrastructure resilience," which seemed an apt analogy for the current state of independent bookselling.

Booksellers hunting for great reads during the Heartland Fall Forum

At the HFF book awards presentation a couple of hours later, I thought about words, which is an appropriate thing to do when you're attending a trade show sponsored by the Midwest Independent Booksellers Association and the Great Lakes Independent Booksellers Association. Words like "connections" and "work" and "business."

In accepting her nonfiction Midwest Booksellers Choice Award for Braiding Sweetgrass (Milkweed), Robin Wall Kimmerer thanked indie booksellers who "tirelessly promote the books they love. Where would we be without them?" She also expressed her gratitude to author Kate DiCamillo, who had carried Braiding Sweetgrass with her to Washington, D.C., when she was sworn in as National Ambassador for Young People's Literature. GLIBA's Great Lakes, Great Reads children's book prize winner Andrea Beaty (Rosie Revere, Engineer Abrams) chronicled the passionate indie support she had received for her first title, Iggy Peck, Architect, adding: "This book only exists because of independent booksellers."

And Nickolas Butler, a double-barreled MIBA and GLIBA fiction winner for Shotgun Lovesongs (Thomas Dunne), admitted that while there had been a time when he "didn't know how I was supposed to approach booksellers," this had changed dramatically: "Many of you I'm proud to say are my friends now." He also said something else: "This is a business and we're in business together."

David Wheaton, author of My Boy, Ben (Tristan Publishing) with his dog Gracie (wearing a show badge) and Cynthia Compton, owner of 4 Kids Books & Toys, Zionsville, Ind.

DiCamillo, who won both the Midwest Booksellers Choice YA (for Flora & Ulysses, Candlewick) and Voice of the Heartland awards, told her personal story of moving to Minneapolis two decades ago and landing a job as a picker at the Bookmen's distribution warehouse. Becoming an award-winning author was not on the agenda then. "The only thing you deserve is the chance to do the work," she said, noting that during those years at the Bookmen, she "started to do the work. I started to write.... This award matters so much to me because it is here, with all of you, that I found my voice."

Having attended bookseller trade shows for more than two decades, I've had a front row seat for the rise, and fall, and rise again of indie bookstores. The conversations at these gatherings 10 years ago were often about survival, but many Heartland panel topics focused on getting better rather than just getting by: "Let's roll up our sleeves and analyze turn" or "ABA session: nuts and bolts of personal finance." And once again, a wide range of practical creativity was on display at the popular annual education plenary session "Ideas that work (and those that don't)." I'll write about these sessions in more detail in an upcoming column.

Nina Barrett, owner of Bookends & Beginnings, Evanston, Ill., with Bruce Miller of Miller Trade Book Marketing and artist Julia Anderson-Miller, who illustrated The Lost Clerihews of Paul Ingram (Ice Cube Press). The legendary bookseller at Prairie Lights Bookstore watches over them from a poster in the background.

Infrastructure resilience, personal connections and hard work were also evident during Thursday's exhibit hours in the Depot Pavilion, with booksellers fully engaged in both the business and pleasure of their chosen profession. While there may not be any Pollyannas left in our corner of the world, most of the conversations I had with booksellers and sales reps were decidedly upbeat. That is a good, if hard-won, place to be right now, regardless of how much work remains to be done.

In her education plenary session on the indie revival, Institute for Local Self-Reliance co-director Stacy Mitchell spoke of the next steps on this journey, citing a surprising increase in the number of independent businesses--including long-thought-dead record stores--nationally as a sign that "if you become part of a community, if you can create a sense of place, you can do anything." She also noted that among the ever-increasing number of shop local chapters in the U.S., "almost every one of those groups has a rabble-rousing bookseller" at its core.

"Books don't fly into the hands of readers of their own volition... readers believe you," Elizabeth Berg, author most recently of The Dream Lover (Random House) told her audience at Wednesday night's adult author dinner. "We all trust you. We all appreciate you. We love you, in fact.... Your bookstores are our modern day salons. Merci beaucoup."

The infrastructure is resilient, and good work was being done at the Heartland Fall Forum. --Published by Shelf Awareness, issue #2357.

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